Utilizing data from the National Center for Health Data (NCHS) and US Census Bureau, Woolf et al. (2021) find:
In between March 1, 2020, and January 2, 2021, the United States experienced 2 801 439 deaths, 22.9% more than expected, representing 522 368 excess deaths … The excess death rate was greater amongst non-Hispanic Black (208.4 deaths per 100 000) than non-Hispanic White or Hispanic populations (157.0 and 139.8 deaths per 100 000, respectively); these groups accounted for 16.9%, 61.1%, and 16.7% of excess deaths, respectively.
The United States experienced 4 surge patterns: in New England and the Northeast, excess deaths surged in the spring; in the Southeast and Southwest, in the summertime and early winter; in the Plains, Rocky Mountain, and far West, mostly in early winter season; and in the Great Lakes, bimodally, in the spring and early winter
The authors conclude keeping in mind that the 22.9% increase in all-cause mortality reported here far exceeded previously observed boosts in recent years (